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VOCABULARY

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Basic Expressions Greetings First Encounters Languages Nationalities Countries
Work Verbs Food      

Basic Expressions:

yes - ano (coll.: no, jo)
no - ne
Excuse me. - Promiňte. (formal) / Promiň. (informal)
please - prosím (also: You are welcome)
Thank you. - Děkuju.
Many thanks. - Mockrát děkuju.
I don't understand (Czech). - Nerozumím (česky).
Do you speak (English)? - Mluvíte (anglicky)? (formal) / Mluvíš (anglicky)? (informal)
I know few Czech words. - Umím pár slov česky.
You speak (Czech) very well. - Mluvíte velmi dobře (česky). (formal) / Mluvíš velmo dobře (česky). (informal)
I don't speak (Czech). - Nemluvím (česky).
I speak only… - Mluvím jenom…

Greetings:

hi - ahoj
goodbye - nashledanou
good morning - dobré ráno
good day - dobrý den
good afternoon - dobré odpoledne
good evening - dobrý večer
good night - dobrou noc

First Encounters:

How are you? - Jak se máte? (formal) / Jak se máš? (informal)
Fine. - Dobře. // Mám se dobře.
And you? - A vy? (formal) / A ty? (informal)
What's your name? - Jak se jmenujete? (formal) / Jak se jmenuješ? (informal)
My name is… - Jmenuju se…
Where are you from? - Odkud jste? (formal) / Odkud jsi? (informal)
I am from America/USA. - Jsem z Ameriky/USA.

Languages:

Noun
English - angličtina
Czech - čeština
Slovak - slovenština
French - francouzština
German - němčina
Hebrew - hebrejština
Hungarian - maďarština
Italian - italština
Spanish - španělština
Adverb (how?)
anglicky
česky
slovensky
francouzsky
německy
hebrejsky
maďarsky
italsky
španělsky

Nationalities:

American - Američan, Američanka
Czech - Čech, Češka
Slovak - Slovák, Slovenka
Canadian - Kanaďan, Kanaďanka
English - Angličan, Angličanka
French - Francouz, Francouzka
German - Němec, Němka
Hungarian - Maďar, Maďarka
Israeli - Izraelec, Izraelka
Italian - Ital, Italka
Spanish - Španěl, Španělka

Countries:

America - Amerika
Czech Republic, Czechia - Česká republika, Česko
Slovakia - Slovensko
Canada - Kanada
England - Anglie
France - Francie
Germany - Německo
Hungary - Maďarsko
Israel - Izrael
Italy - Itálie
Spain - Španělsko

Please note:

  1. Names of languages are usually created from a masculine form of the name of nationality by a suffix -tina with a preceding letter š or č. The names of the languages are always feminine nouns. They are always written with a small letter.
  2. To express in which language you speak (as in "I speak English [how?]), an adverb is created by adding a suffix -ky to the noun stem.
  3. Feminine form of a nationality is created by a suffix -ka that is added to the masculine form of the noun. Nationalities are always written with a capital letter.
  4. Don't confuse slovenština and slovinština. There is just one letter different, however, the first means "Slovak (language)", the second "Slovene (language)".
  5. There are several endings that express "country". The most common ones are -ko and -ie.

Work:

Where do you work? - Kde pracujete? (formal) / Kde pracuješ? (informal)
I work (at, in)... - Pracuju (v, na)...
What do you do? - Co děláte? (formal) / Co děláš? (informal)
I am... - Jsem...

WORK PLACES

Department of Commerce - Ministerstvo obchodu
Department of State - Ministerstvo zahraničí

office - kancelář

Verbs:

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