Czech flag

GRAMMAR


NOUNS | ADJECTIVES | PRONOUNS | NUMERALS | VERBS

VERBS - SLOVESA

There are five verb classes in Czech. Each Czech verb belongs into one of those five classes (there are few irregular verbs, however). Each class, or conjugation, has its own specific set of endings that you should learn by heart. To help you with deciding which class a verb belongs to, you need to know its present tense form of the 3rd person singular and its infinitive. The following table is simplified for the purposes of the class.

Present tense 1st class 2nd class 3rd class 4th class 5th class
infinitive nést (carry, bear) začít (begin, start) jmenovat (se) (to be called/named) mluvit (to speak) znát (to know)
1st person sg (já) nesu začnu jmenuji/-uju (se) mluvím znám
2nd person sg (ty) nes začneš jmenuješ (se) mluvíš znáš
3rd person sg (on, ona, ono) nese začne jmenuje (se) mluví zná
1st person pl (my) neseme začneme jmenujeme (se) mluvíme známe
2nd person pl (vy) nesete začnete jmenujete (se) mluvíte znáte
3rd person pl (oni, ony, ona) nesou začnou jmenují (se) mluví znají

NOTES:


CONJUGATION OF VERBS "MÍT" (TO HAVE) AND "BÝT" (TO BE)

Present tense mít
1st person sg (já) mám
2nd person sg (ty) máš
3rd person sg (on, ona, ono)
1st person pl (my) máme
2nd person pl (vy) máte
3rd person pl (oni, ony, ona) mají
Present tense být
1st person sg (já) jsem
2nd person sg (ty) jsi
3rd person sg (on, ona, ono) je
1st person pl (my) jsme
2nd person pl (vy) jste
3rd person pl (oni, ony, ona) jsou

BACK TO MAIN PAGE


This page best viewed in Internet Explorer 5.0 or Netscape Navigator 4.6 or later.

Last updated: November 6, 2002 / Naposledy obnoveno: 6. listopadu 2002